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Your feet are covered a good part of the day. If you are diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often another sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Monday, 29 July 2019 00:00

Ligaments and Ankle Sprains

There are several ways ankle sprains can occur. It happens once the supporting ligaments become injured when the ankle is twisted, possibly resulting from stepping off a curb unexpectedly. The symptoms that are often associated with sprained ankles can include pain and discomfort surrounding the affected ankle, and the ankle may appear bruised and swollen. Many patients find it difficult to walk, and may have to use crutches. After a proper diagnosis is performed, which consists of having an X-ray taken, the treatment process can begin. It is important to elevate the ankle, as this may help to reduce any existing swelling. If you feel you have sprained your ankle, please consider scheduling a consultation with a podiatrist who can guide you toward beginning the proper treatment.

Although ankle sprains are common, they aren’t always minor injuries. If you need your ankle injury looked at, contact Dr. Bert Altmanshofer from Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains are the result of a tear in the ligaments within the ankle. These injuries may happen when you make a rapid shifting movement while your foot is planted. A less common way to sprain your ankle is when your ankle rolls inward while your foot turns outward.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Pain at the sight of the tear
  • Bruising/Swelling
  • Ankle area is tender to touch
  • In severe cases, may hear/feel something tear
  • Skin discoloration

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

In many cases, the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevate) is used to treat ankle sprains. However, you should see a podiatrist to see which treatment option would work best with your injury. In severe cases, surgery may be required.

It is important to ask your doctor about rehab options after you receive treatment for your injury. Stretching, strength training, and balance exercises may help the ankle heal while also preventing further injury.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Duncansville, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Ankle Sprains
Monday, 22 July 2019 00:00

Laser Treatment of Toenail Fungus

If you have toenail fungus, laser treatment may be the answer. Some symptoms of fungal nails include yellow, white, or brown nail discoloration, thickening of the nail or change in texture, change in shape of the nail and any flaky debris that is present under or on the nail. The FDA has approved a few different types of laser devices for the treatment of onychomycosis, which is another name for a fungal nail infection. Some of the laser devices include PinPointe Footlaser, GenesisPlus and Noveon. These laser devices kill off the nail fungus by emitting pulses of energy that impart heat to the infected tissue on the nail. When the fungus on the nail absorbs the heat from the laser treatment, it will begin to die off. While some patients will have success with a single laser treatment, additional treatments can be prescribed depending on the results. This most often depends on the type of laser treatment being utilized. Laser treatment can be a more expensive method, but it also happens to be the most efficient. If you are dealing with toenail fungus and are interested in laser treatment, consult with a podiatrist. 

 

Laser treatment can be an effective way to get rid of toenail fungus. If you have any questions about laser treatment, consult with Dr. Bert Altmanshofer from Pennsylvania. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality treatment for fungal nails.

What are Toenail Fungal Infections?

Onychomycosis, or fungal infection of the nail, is a relatively common and non-serious condition. Around 10 percent of U.S. citizens are afflicted with fungal nails. Common forms of fungus that infect the nail include dermatophytes, yeasts, and molds.

Symptoms of Toenail Fungal Infections Include:

  • Nail thickening
  • Brittleness of the nail
  • Discoloration of the nail

Diagnosis for Fungal Nails

Fungal infections are diagnosed by fungal culture and microscopy. This will rule out any other conditions such as nail trauma, psoriasis, lichen planus, and onychogryphosis.

What is Laser Treatment?

Laser treatment is a non-invasive, safe, quick, and painless procedure that uses the heat from a laser to kill fungus in the nail. Each infected nail is targeted with a laser for several minutes. The treatment is usually utilized several different times over a select period. During this time, a podiatrist will keep an eye on the infection.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Duncansville, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Laser Treatment for Fungal Nails

Summer typically brings about a lot more activity in children. The warm weather means they want to spend time outside. Also, many sports start or continue in the summer months, such as basketball, tennis, running and soccer. Adults should be looking out for certain foot injuries in children so they can remain healthy. These injuries include ankle sprains, plantar fasciitis, tendinitis, corns and calluses. There are also a few preventative measures to take. You could tape the ankles to help with stability, and make sure the socks absorb moisture. As for shoes, some sports require specific types of shoes, and new footwear may need to be purchased, as children’s feet grow quickly. Children may not complain of pain, because they have not noticed it or they want to continue being active. Thus, adults should be observant of their children’s feet. If you suspect your child has a foot or ankle injury, it is suggested to consult with a podiatrist.

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact Dr. Bert Altmanshofer of Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Duncansville, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Care for Your Child's Feet
Tuesday, 09 July 2019 00:00

What Are Plantar Warts?

Plantar warts are small growths that appear on the heels of the feet. Pressure may make the warts grow inward beneath a thick layer of skin called a callus. Plantar warts are caused by HPV. The HPV virus is able to enter the body through tiny cuts, breaks or other weak spots on the bottom of the feet. Some signs and symptoms of plantar warts include lesions on the bottom of the foot, callused skin where a wart has grown inward and pain or tenderness when walking or standing. Children and teenagers are considered to be the most at risk to get plantar warts.  Although plantar warts are not considered to be a health concern, you should still see a podiatrist in order to have the warts removed.

Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Bert Altmanshofer from Pennsylvania. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.

While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.

Symptoms

  • Lesions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
  • Hard or thick callused spots
  • Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
  • Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing

Treatment

  • Freezing
  • Electric tool removal
  • Laser Treatment
  • Topical Creams (prescription only)
  • Over-the-counter medications

To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, can help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Duncansville, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Plantar Warts
Monday, 01 July 2019 00:00

What is Sever’s Disease?

Sever’s Disease describes when a child undergoing a growth spurt develops serious heel pain. It is common with boys between the ages of 10 to 15 and with girls between the ages of 8 to 13. This occurs because during a child’s growth spurt, the heel bone outgrows all of the muscles, tendons and ligaments within the leg. Since these parts of the leg are unable to catch up to the growth pace of the heel bone, they can become stretched too tightly. If this happens to a child that is very active, it can cause extra strain to the already overstretched tendons in the leg and lead to intense swelling and pain. Some symptoms of Sever’s Disease include trouble walking, running with a limp, tightness and tenderness in the backs of the heels and heel pain that increases after running or jumping. Although Sever’s disease can last up to a couple months, it presents no long term foot problems and the simplest treatment for it is rest. It is important for the child not to participate in physical activities until the heel is back to being pain-free. If your child exhibits any signs of Sever’s Disease, it is recommended that you take them to see a podiatrist. 

Sever's disease often occurs in children and teens. If your child is experiencing foot or ankle pain, see Dr. Bert Altmanshofer at Pennsylvania. Our doctor can treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Symptoms

Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Duncansville, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Sever's Disease
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